Psychiatric co-morbidity is associated with increased risk of surgery in Crohn’s disease, Ananthakrishnan AN, Gainer VS, Perez RG, Cai T, Cheng SC, Savova G, Chen P, Szolovits P, Xia Z, De Jager PL, Shaw SY, Churchill S, Karlson EW, Kohane I, Perlis RH, Plenge RM, Murphy SN, Liao KP. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2013 Feb;37(4):445-54. doi: 10.1111/apt.12195. Epub 2013 Jan 7. PMID: 23289600
Depressive disorder or generalised anxiety is associated with a modestly increased risk of surgery in patients with Crohn’s disease. Interventions addressing this may improve patient outcomes.